Which Civil War nurse established the American Red Cross after the war?

Answer: Clara Barton

Red Cross - Clarissa Harlowe Barton, Clara, as she wished to be called, is one of the most honored women in American history. She began teaching school at a time when most teachers were men and she was among the first women to gain employment in the federal government. Barton risked her life to bring supplies and support to soldiers in the field during the Civil War. At age 60, she founded the American Red Cross in 1881 and led it for the next 23 years. Her understanding of the needs of people in distress and the ways in which she could provide help to them guided her throughout her life. By the force of her personal example, she opened paths to the new field of volunteer service. Her intense devotion to serving others resulted in enough achievements to fill several ordinary lifetimes.

We can't sum it up much better than that. This woman was fearless and willful. Known as the "Angel of the Battlefield" she somehow managed to bring supplies to soldiers on the battlefield and survive the war. As an entrepreneur she started the American Red Cross and as a leader she served as the group's head for the next twenty years. It's not every day you hear about Civil War women, but Clara certainly left her mark. 

Civil WarOld Glory